At a Glance:
• Full name: Republic of Uganda
• Population: 35.6 million (UN, 2012)
• Capital: Kampala (1.659 million)
• President: Yoweri Museveni (1986)
• Prime Minister: Amama Mbabazi (2011)
• Major languages: English (official),
Swahili (official), Luganda, various Bantu
and Nilotic languages
• Major religions: Christianity (85%), Islam (12%)
• Life expectancy: 54 years (men), 55 years (women) (UN)
• Monetary unit: Ugandan new shilling
• Main exports: Coffee, fish and fish products, tea, tobacco, cotton, corn, beans, sesame
- Borders: West: Democratic Republic of the Congo; North: South Sudan; East: Kenya; South: Tanzania; Southwest: Rwanda. The southern part of the country includes a substantial portion of Lake Victoria, shared with Kenya and Tanzania, situating the country in the African Great Lakes region.
- Climate: Tropical; generally rainy with two dry seasons (December to February, June to August); semiarid in northeast.
- Terrain: Uganda lies across the equator and is divided into three main areas: swampy lowlands in the south, a fertile plateau with wooded hills, and a desert region in the northeast.
Uganda’s Government (from BBC):
- Politics: Multi-party politics restored in 2005. The opposition accuses President Museveni of authoritarian tendencies.
- Security: Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) forced out of northern Uganda in 2005/06 and has been under military pressure in border regions in recent years.
- Economy: Uganda is vulnerable to changes in the world price of coffee, its main export earner. Oil discoveries have boosted prospects.
- International: Uganda has been actively involved in the DR Congo conflict. LRA leaders are wanted by the International Criminal Court for war crimes.